Journalists in Botswana are up in arms over the draft Media
Practitioners Bill. Quietly published in the Government Gazette on June
27, the Bill would give the government greater control over the media, writes Sello Motseta in the Mail & Guardian.
BotswanaÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢s media bodies say the news media are already regulating themselves through the Press Council, which was established six years ago, and that the government is seeking to impose itself on the media sector.
ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã…â€œWe have a self-regulatory Press Council, which we believe is working, but the government appears to want to interfere with the way it is working. If [the government] believes there is something it can add, it should assist and not try to take over,ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‚Â said Thapelo Ndlovu, director of the Botswanan chapter of the Media Institute of Southern Africa.
ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã…â€œTalking about the establishment of a press council is somewhat a misnomer, for there already exists the Press Council for Botswana, set up by the Botswana media as part of its self-regulatory initiative. What is being introduced by the Bill is control of the media by government,ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‚Â said Dick Bayford, a media activist and lawyer who was instrumental in registering the Press Council of Botswana as a trust in 2002.
Bayford said the new Bill would give the government the power to determine who can and cannot practise journalism ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã…â€œthrough the complaints committee [which is appointed by the minister], which has the power of suspending registration of a practitioner or totally removing his or her name from the register [of journalists]ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‚Â.
The draft Media Practitioners Bill stipulates that no journalist resident in Botswana may work in the country unless he or she is registered and accredited by a government-appointed ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã…â€œexecutive committeeÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‚Â.
The executive committee will work under a chief executive accountable to the minister of communications, science and technology, who is also the committeeÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢s chairperson.
Media watchdogs in the region have roundly criticised the Bill.
ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã…â€œThe Bill is not media-friendly in that it contains draconian elements rejected in earlier Bills drafted in 1997 and 2003 — for example, the issue of the accreditation and registration of journalists by government,ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‚Â said Ndlovu.
ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã…â€œWhere we see the same process in application, as in Zimbabwe, the results are horrific. Government enjoys the prerogative of determining who is entitled to report on events in Zimbabwe, creating a situation where journalists will run the risk of being jailed for trivial things like not being properly registered,ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‚Â he said.
Ndlovu notes that it is ironic that the Botswanan government should criticise the Zimbabwean government for its mishandling of elections while at the same time replicating its repressive media regulations.
An additional element of the Bill is a ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã…â€œright to replyÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‚Â.
ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã…â€œThis Bill also imposes on editors the right to reply, which is a clear violation of editorial independence. The right of reply should remain [the] prerogative of the editor as gatekeeper. People can abuse [a] right of reply if there is no gatekeeper,ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‚Â said Ndlovu.
Government representatives have defended the Bill, arguing that it has been approved by media organisations in the country.
ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã…â€œThe Bill is a product of consensus. The first draft was issued to representatives of the media at a media advisory council meeting which was chaired by the minister. The media advisory council is a subcommittee of the high level consultative council, which is chaired by the President,ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‚Â said Andrew Sesinyi, the deputy permanent secretary at the ministry of communications, science and technology.
Click here to read the full report, posted on M&G Online.