The SA National Editors' Forum welcomes the ruling of Judge Nigel
Willis in the Johannesburg High Court instructing the Judicial Service
Commission (JSC) to admit the public and the media to its hearings of
the complaints involving Cape Judge President John Hlophe and the
Constitutional Court judges, according to a media release.
The JSC had decided that the hearings would be closed to the public and the media to protect the dignity of the offices of the Chief Justice, Deputy Chief Justice and the Cape Judge President.
Media groups and the Freedom of Expression Institute made an urgent application to the court that in the interests of ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã…â€œopen justiceÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‚Â and the fact that the issues were of high public interest, the hearings should be conducted in public.
Judge Willis ruled that a decision by the JSC to bar the media and the public from the hearings had not satisfied the commission's own rules, in terms of which it must show good cause to exclude the media. He dismissed the commission's argument that opening the hearings could harm the dignity of the offices of the justices involved.
He said the ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã…â€œfundamental principle for proceedings of this nature is that the public should have a right to be there. By allowing the public access to the hearing in open court, the entire judiciary will be enhanced rather than diminishedÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‚Â.
He said the issues surrounding Hlophe were of intense public interest and suggested that conducting the hearings in secret would likely do more damage to confidence in the judiciary than an open process.
The complaint by the Constitutional Court is that Hlophe allegedly tried to influence Justice Bess Nkabinde and Acting Justice Chris Jafta in a matter relating to the legal processes invoked by African National Congress president Jacob Zuma in contesting the various criminal charges against him. Hlophe in turn had complained that the Constitutional Court judges had infringed his rights and undermined the judiciary by making public the fact that they had laid a complaint against him with the JSC before he was aware of it.
Sanef notes that judicial support for Judge Willis's decision was given by the Supreme Court of Appeal earlier on Tuesday, March 31, when it ruled that the Constitutional Court judges were not obliged by law to keep their complaint against Hlophe secret and that if the assertion against Hlophe were true, it was clearly to the public benefit that it should be known and its publication would not be unlawful.
Sanef believes that the important ruling by the judge on a fundamental principle underlying constitutional media freedom sets a precedent that will reinforce the ability of the media to gather and disseminate news and information and protect the public's right to be informed.
Sanef's view is that in addition to the principle of ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã…â€œopen justiceÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‚Â, it is imperative that the proceedings before the JSC should be open to the public because the issue to be adjudicated on by it involves members of the highest court in the country and a judge president of a High Court,